Today, we will examine rhetorical devices in some detail. Please add the following to your notes:
- Rhetorical Question: a question that the speaker does not expect to have answered by the listener, perhaps because the answer is obvious
- Anaphora: beginning a series of sentences with the same sounds/structures
- Enumeratio: a list used to emphasize a point
- Distinctio: redefining something in a way that shapes the argument
- Hyperbole: an exaggeration intended to emphasize an idea
- Allusion: a reference or comparison to a specific person, place, or thing (often Biblical)
- Metaphor: a comparison in which one thing is said to be another. (He was a rock, unmoving and immutable).
- Simile: a comparison in which one thing is said to be like another. (He was like a rock)
Next, we will look at a few examples to help you understand how great orators use these devices.